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Isokinetic vs Isotonic Exercises

Isokinetic Exercise Benefits


Isokinetic Exercise


Before we start comparing isokinetic vs isotonic exercises we should begin by explaining what each of those are and how they affect our body and muscles.



What is Isokinetic Exercise?


Isokinetic exercise benefits


One of the types of exercises when training for strength is an isokinetic Exercise.


It utilizes a special machine that keeps a constant speed regardless of how much effort you put out.


The machine is controlling the pace of the exercise by creating resistance using your motion range.


The speed at which you move will remain the same regardless of the force you utilize.


It's easy to adjust the machine to the meet your needs in terms of speed and range of motion.


By utilizing different add-ons and attachments on the machines it's possible to target specific muscles or groups of muscles and you can use isokinetic exercises to improve your muscular strength and endurance.



Advantages of Isokinetic Exercises


isotonic exercise benefits


Isokinetic exercise benefits – Since these exercises are quite often used in rehabilitation because they are a very controlled form of exercise they are great to utilize when people are recovering from injuries, stroke or medical procedures and so on.


They are also great for people that are at risk of an injury because being able to control the speed and resistance helps you to increase muscle flexibility, prevent injury and control muscle development.


These exercises are still strength training that helps you increase muscle tone, endurance and strength but it can also improve coordination, balance and even better your metabolism.


Exercises that imrpove your strength are very beneficial for everyone because it makes everyday tasks much easier to perform and they increase athletic capabilities.


It's also known to have a beneficial effect on your quality of life and cognitive functions.



Isotonic Exercise Benefits


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What is Isotonic Exercise?


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Isotonic exercise is actually a muscle contraction.


Isokinetic exercise benefits, the term is derived from ancient Greek and translates to “same tension”.


Considering the rougly translated term, it means that an isotonic exercise keeps the muscles under the same tension during the entire movement.


Basically most exercises we do, or think of, are isotonic ones.


So basically exercises such as squats, pushups, pullups, deadlifts and bench presses are isotonic exercises.


During isometric exercises your muscles are engaged against a force or weight that doesn't force them to change their length.



Advantages of Isotonic Exercise


Isotonic Exercise



Isotonic exercise benefits – These type of exercises are quite popular because they are very easy to do anywhere without needing a special machine.


All the equipment you need, you can surely find in any gym.


Another thing why people prefer isotonic exercises is because they are natural and intuitive for them because they can be easily translated into everyday movements that you do outside.


Although these exercises are intuitive it's good to have someone show you the proper technique because a lot of people never really know how to properly do an exercise and this is not their fault but the fault of their trainers for not showing them the exercise in advance.



Isokinetic vs Isotonic Exercises


The muscles during an isokinetic exercises are contracting and shrotening at a constant speed and this is how these exercises allow your muscles to gain strength consistently throught the whole range of motion.


Isotonic exercises, on the other hand, get the muscles to shorten and contract at a constant rate but the muscle tension is different throughout the movement.


This is also known as a dynamic contraction.


The majority of people out there are actually doing isotonic training exercises so it's proven to be a good way to workout, however, Isokinetic exercises shouldn't be underestimated as they are also good for toneing your muscles and gaining strength.



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Risks of Isokinetic vs Isotonic Exercises


The risks connected to isokinetic exercises are actually non existent because this form of training is used for people that are in recovery and since it's not possible to push yourself too far off what your therapist prescribed they are quite safe to do and you're much less likely to pull a muscle or have your muscles too sore.


Isotonic exercises, on the other hand, can be quite hard and you can easily push yourself too far which will make your muscles very sore during and after the exercise.


You may consider taking some time in between your isotonic training sessions which my delay your progress.


Another disadvantage is that you muscle isn't strengthening evenly through the entire motion but only at the weakest point of ation which makes it less optimal.





It's best to consult your physical therapist before deciding any type of new exercise program, especially if you're thinking about starting isokinetic exercises in order to recover from some medical condition or injury.


If this is the case, consider hiring a professional that will monitor your progress and create your training plan.


Isotonic exercises can be tricky to perform even though they are intuitive and if not done properly they will have less effect and will slow down your progress.


They are a great addition to every exercise program but if you find yourself struggling to do any of them, don't hesitate to consult with a professional fitness trainer in order to get the most out of your workout routine.


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