Diabetes is a widespread disease in our modern society due to the foods we consume, the drinks we take, and the lifestyles we live. This disease affects 10% of the population, with up to 50% more people unaware that they might be suffering from this condition.
Your body needs glucose to function properly. It relies on glucose for energy. However, too much of everything can be harmful to your health and too much Glucose in your blood is no different. When the glucose levels are too high, you have higher chances of hyperglycemia, a defining symptom of diabetes.
A good glucose level is between 4 to 8 mmol/l (millimoles per liter). After food consumption, your blood sugar will rise and lower after a good night sleep. The recommended range of blood glucose levels are:
- 4 – 7mmol/l before meals
- Less than 10mmol/l two hours after meals
- Around 8mmol/l before bedtime
A huge part of managing diabetes (whether type 1 diabetes or type 2) is to learn how to avoid and treat hypoglycemia on a daily basis. The first thing you need to do is to recognize the signs and symptoms early.
Symptoms to Look Out For
The best way to defend your body against hyperglycemia is to test Your glucose levels using a glucose meter regularly. However, your body also has ways to let you know when there’s too much glucose circulating in your blood. Some common symptoms include:
- Dry mouth
- Constant thirst
- Blurry vision
How to Treat Hyperglycemia
If your Blood sugar levels are always on the higher side, there’s a high likelihood you might develop long-term diabetes complications such as kidney failure, heart disease, and nerve damage. Your physician has likely taught you how to treat any high blood glucose levels and how to bring the levels back to a target range.
Your mind, body, and health are the most valuable assets you’ve got and as such, routine blood sugar monitoring is the best way to ensure that your treatment plan is working. If you have any of the symptoms mentioned above of hyperglycemia, check your blood sugar levels using a glucose meter.
If your glucose levels are 13mmol/l or higher, then you’ll need to purchase a urine ketones test kit – the kits can be bought over the counter. If your urine test comes back positive, then you need to use the below treatment tips to lower your glucose levels safely. Always remember that it’s not just how long you live; it’s how well you live!
Note: Consult with your doctor beforehand to understand the different treatments that can safely manage your sugar levels.
Take Your Medication as Directed
If you have frequent episodes of hyperglycemia, you need to follow your doctor’s instruction to the tee as your doctor might adjust your dosage and timing from time-to-time depending on your blood sugar levels.
Stack the deck in your favor and begin to exercise regularly. Getting fit is an effective way to control and maintain your glucose levels. The more fit you are, the more energy you have. However, don’t exercise if there are ketones present in your urine as this can drive your blood sugar even higher.
It’s important that you slowly build up achievable goals over a few weeks and gradually increase the intensity as you go along. Remember to monitor your blood sugar levels during Workout sessions closely – test your glucose levels before, during, and after physical activity.
Some signs of low blood sugar levels while exercising include feeling faint, light-headed, weak in the knees, and heavy sweating. If any of this occurs, stop working out and take something with glucose such as glucose tablets.
Monitor What You Eat
You can make your life great again by watching what you consume. Few people truly understand the toxic ingredients associated with processed foods. And this is where diet comes into play.
Diet plays a very crucial role in aiding to control blood sugar levels. Research shows that eating foods with a lower Glucose level and rich in healthy nutrients can reduce the blood sugar levels in people with diabetes. Foods affect the sugar levels due to the sugars in the diet, the way the food is prepared, the fat and fiber content, and the type of starch in the food.
Although you shouldn’t avoid all foods high in glucose levels, you should aim to combine them with low sugar level foods whenever possible. It can also help to eat smaller portions and avoid sugary beverages and constant snacks. Ask your doctor for help if you are struggling to stick to a meal plan.
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Adjust Insulin Doses
Another way to treat hyperglycemia and maintain glucose levels is by adjusting your insulin program or supplements of short-acting insulin. NB: A supplement is a dose of insulin that can be used to correct high blood sugar levels temporarily. Similar to everything else, ask your doctor about how often you need to take an insulin supplement if you suffer from constant high blood sugar.
If you suffer from severe hyperglycemia, you may need to be treated in an Emergency room. Emergency treatments can help lower your sugar levels back to normal. Some of the procedures to expect include:
Electrolyte Replacement – Electrolytes are minerals found in the blood that are vital for your body tissues to function correctly. The absence of insulin can lower the level of electrolytes in your blood. The doctor will inject electrolytes through your veins to help your muscles, heart, and nerve cells function properly.
Insulin Therapy – Insulin helps reverse the process that causes ketones to build up in the blood.
Fluid Replacement – Your body needs to be rehydrated (either orally or through a vein). Fluid replacement helps dilute the excess sugar in the blood and replaces the fluids lost through excess urination.
Staying fit and learning how to treat hyperglycemia can lead to higher quality of life. If you don’t have a plan to treat hyperglycemia, contact your doctor and make an appointment to put one together. Understanding how to read blood glucose levels and addressing the issue early can prevent long-term complications derived from diabetes. Knowledge is power so let’s learn how to take care of our body to avoid complications.
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